03 April 2017

C++18, Why not?

C++18 experiments

As you’ve might already notice I’ve made a little joke on Saturday, which was the April Fools’ Day. I got the courage to announce C++18 next year! :)
While it was a bit funny, I didn’t expect much traffic (as it was Saturday). Still, my stats shows that a lot of people clicked and viewed the post. Thanks!

Today I’d like to continue the topic: why not and have C++18?

The story

Here are some of the comments:

NOPI: I know it’s a april fools joke but gosh I could wish that were actually true.

or

mps1729: Please, let this not be an April fool’s day post! I can dream, right?

and

sail0rm00n: i was really excited then i looked at the date :(

My fake news wasn’t that off the ground, as most of the features are very close to be accepted by the committee. Some of the features are already completed!

So, in fact, next year you can almost start using C++18: just take an experimental feature and play with it. Of course, you can start even now… no need to wait another year :)

The features

Let’s recall what the features of my C++18 was:

Modules

There are already two implementations that seem to work well: one from clang and one from Microsoft.

You can play with them here: Clang, Visual Studio .

Concepts

As we know, concepts (concepts-lite to be correct) are already available in GCC: link here.

A few days ago Gabriel Dos Reis announced - “Concepts are ready”!. See this PDF: P0606R0, Concepts Are Ready.

They are published as: ISO/IEC TS 19217:2015
Information technology – Programming languages – C++ Extensions for concepts
.

Ranges

Already working implementation can be found on Github, from Microsoft: link here. Works since Visual Studio 2015 update 3.

Jonathan Boccara recently wrote an excellent introduction to Ranges, so you might want to have a look: Ranges: the STL to the Next Level - Fluent C++.

And also please follow one of the Ranges author: Eric Niebler.

Co-routines

Co routines in Visual Studio: link here.

James McNellis has a lot of talks about co-routines so check this out: CppCon 2016: “Introduction to C++ Coroutines”

Contracts

Current proposal can be found here - P0542R0.

How to write preconditions and postconditions for functions.

Transactional memory

It’s already published as C++ extension: ISO/IEC TS 19841:2015
Technical Specification for C++ Extensions for Transactional Memory

So we just have to merge it into C++18.

Transactional memory - cppreference.com
TransactionalMemory - GCC Wiki

Summary

Which one is your favourite? Let’s answer the quick survey:

While we can complain about the lack of the features in C++17 there’s also another option: since the features are almost done why not use them? I doubt your production code can be immediately upgraded to C++20 (when it’s out), the transition period is required. By experimenting you’ll get two things at least: you’ll learn something new, and the second point: you’ll understand if a given feature could work in your project.

Interested in new blog posts and bonus content? Sign up for my newsletter.

© 2017, Bartlomiej Filipek, Blogger platform
Any opinions expressed herein are in no way representative of those of my employers.
This site contains ads or referral links, which provide me with a commission. Thank you for your understanding.