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28 May 2018

Show me your code: std::optional

std::optional contest

Show me your code!

I’d like to run a little experiment.

Let’s build a wall of examples of std::optional!

Intro

In the last three articles of my C++17 STL series I’ve been discussing how to use std::optional. I can talk and talk… or write and write… but I’m wondering how do you use this wrapper type?

That’s why I prepared a little experiment and a giveaway:

The rules

It’s all about you (short) examples ofstd::optional
Later, I plan to compose a new blog post with all of the submissions.

  • Send me a link to gist/coliru/compiler explorer… etc - with a short example of std::optional.
    • You can add a link in the comments below or send me an email
      • bartlomiej DOT filipek AT bfilipek DOT com
    • Please mention if you allow showing your Name next to the example
    • This submission is one-time only so that I won’t add you to my email list automatically. However, if you’d like to stay updated about the results and future posts, then please subscribe.
  • Ideally the max number of lines is 25 (not taking into account main() or the caller’s code).
    • Feel free to submit the code if it’s longer, we’ll think how to make it more compact.
  • Add description what the code does.
  • The code should represent some “real-life” use.
  • The code cannot, of course, violate any copyright rules.
  • I’ll select most useful examples and compose a single post about optional examples
  • You can submit only one code sample.

Usually std::optional is used in:

  • To return something from a function
  • As an optional input parameter to a function
  • As an optional class member
  • To perform some lazy loading/two-phase init of some object

So probably your code will be one of those three above variations... but of course you might came up with something different.

Dates:
It starts now! (28th May)
Ends 7th June (8:00 am GMT+2 Time, Poland) (so I can prepare a post that will be published on 11th June)

For a start here’s a Coliru link with some basic sample:
Coliru sample std::optional code

For example this my source code that I’ve shared in some previous posts:

struct SelectionData
{
    bool anyCivilUnits { false };
    bool anyCombatUnits { false };
    int numAnimating { 0 };
};

std::optional<SelectionData> 
CheckSelection(const ObjSelection &objList)
{   
    if (!objList.IsValid())
        return { };

    SelectionData out;   

    // scan...

    return {out};
}

The gift

I have 2 x 25$ Amazon.com Gift Card.
I’ll pick two random winners from all the submissions.

Note: It’s an US gift card, so you’ll be able to use it on Amazon.com only.

The Series

This article is part of my series about C++17 Library Utilities. Here’s the list of the other topics that I’ll cover:

Resources about C++17 STL:

I’m waiting for your code!

Get my free ebook about C++17!

More than 50 pages about the new Language Standard.

C++17 in detail, by Bartlomiej Filipek

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